Green Card

How to apply for family-based Green Card

Immigration comprises the movement of people from their home nation to another country, of which they have no aboriginal nationality, to stabilize and reside. Why do people tend to depart? well, this would contain several explanations.

However, some people accept this challenge of immigration who performs this task with a heavy heart. The most common reason for immigration may include economical or political reasons, family reunification, natural disasters, education, the passion to transform one’s environment, or career opportunities.

Immigrants provide a lot of positive effects to the host country. The more immigrants a nation have the more chances of economic boost a country has. with the help of immigrants, the nation would be able to have access to modern technology, skilled laborers to enhance the output leading to an increase in the demand and the living standards of the population.

There exist four types of immigration status which include citizens, residents nonimmigrant, and undocumented immigrants. A citizen is an individual who approves loyalty to their nation and who is given particular rights as approved by the state.

The first type of citizen is someone who was born in a nation and by their legacy, they are considered to be a citizen. Someone may also be born in a region of a country, for example, if Hamza is born in the United States he would be awarded the nationality of the state by birth.

The second kind of citizen is someone who becomes a citizen through the naturalization process. During the naturalization process, a person must fulfill specific norms before they can be contemplated a citizen.

A resident, is known as a permanent resident, is a person who has been awarded the right to live within the State as a Lawful permanent citizen. They are also related to as “green card Holders” because they are awarded a green card to prove their rightful status in the States.

Non-immigrants are people who have a nationality other than American and who have been approved of temporary approval to be in the United States for a particular purpose. Non-immigrants must carry a non-immigrant Visa that verifies their legal dignity as temporary immigrants to the country.

The undocumented foreigner is periodically cited as the “illegal immigrant ”

Undocumented immigrants are people that have immigrated to the State illegally. There is no document of these people arriving in the country and they do not have the essential documents to prove lawful presence in the State. However, one of the legal ways to have a green card opportunity is by adoption.

Adoption relates to a lawful process in which a person or partner accepts the parenting role of a child from others, thereby developing parenting freedoms and duties over the child.

 Adoption through immigration, or intercountry adoption is refers to the adoption of a child who is born in one country by an adoptive parent residence in another region. The United States immigration law gives three several procedures through which individuals may immigrate established on intercountry adoption. An individual may immigrate under one of these requirements only if the individual’s adoption satisfies all the provisions of that particular process. 

Two different methods just apply to children adopted by U.S. citizens. The child may immigrate shortly after the adoption or may enter the U.S. to be adopted. There are three main applications through which the adoptive parents can arrange for the US immigration of an adopted child Hauge convention petition, orphan petition, 1-30 petition.      

Hague Convention Petition:

Hague Convention refers to the adoptive U.S. Resident parent deciding to adopt from a nation that is a group to the Committee. In a Convention adoption, U.S. parents are incapable to select a particular child since the ability of adoptees is given by the main authorities of that- country.

The adoptive parents cannot reach out to the natural parents, orphanage, or legal guardian of the planned adoptee. However, the child will receive U.S. citizenship once the adoption is completed. Moreover, there is an oddity by which the U.S. Citizen parent can opt-out of the Hague Convention and proceed directly to an I-130 petition.

Orphan Petition:

This applies to the immigration of an adopted child from a non-Hague Convention country and also qualifies as an orphan as characterized by U.S. law.

I-130 petition:

 In various situations, an adoptive parent can file an I-130 F2A appeal for the adopted child. The procedure is varied from the supplementary two adoption methods because it imposes adoptive parents to have two-year legitimate custody of the child, as well, as a two-year joint residency with the adoptee.

Once these two standards are fulfilled by the adoptive parents and can be applied for the pupil’s immigration benefits. Immigration through adoption in an agency of adoption, relying on the workload it will take anywhere from six months to a year to finalize the adoption of family assessment.


  • U.S. Immigration Through Intercountry Adoption, August 19, 2021. Available from: [30 January 2022].
  • Ella Bergquist, How to Bring an Adopted Child to the U.S.U.S.: Immigration Through Adoption, August 21, 2018. Available from:
  • [30 January 2022].
  • Merriam Webster, orphan, Available from: [January 30, 2022]
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